Health Library

Health Library

Gynecological Anatomy

Anatomy of the female pelvic area

Endometrium. The lining of the uterus.

Uterus (also called the womb). The uterus is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum.

Fallopian tubes. The tubes that carry the eggs from the ovaries to the uterus. Sperm fertilize the egg in the fallopian tube.  

Ovaries. Two female reproductive organs located in the pelvis.

Cervix. The lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb) located between the bladder and the rectum. It forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body.

Vagina (also called the birth canal). The passageway through which fluid passes out of the body during menstrual periods. The vagina connects the cervix (the opening of the womb, or uterus) and the vulva (the external genitalia).

Vulva. The external portion of the female genital organs.

Gynecological Anatomy - WellSpan Health

Online Medical Reviewer: Bowers, Nancy, RN, BSN, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer: Freeborn, Donna, PhD, CNM, FNP
© 2014 WellSpan Health. All Rights Reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.

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