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MDMA is a stimulant. It also has mild hallucinogenic effects. It's often called ecstasy or Molly. It may also be called Adam, XTC, X, hug, beans, STP, or clarity.
MDMA is most often taken as a pill. The pills often have a logo, such as a cartoon character, stamped on them. MDMA also comes as a capsule or powder, which can be snorted, or as a liquid, which can be injected into a vein.
Like other stimulants, MDMA can raise a person's heart rate and blood pressure. It increases alertness and may create a feeling of euphoria. It may cause mild hallucinations or seeing, hearing, and feeling things that seem real but aren't. Other effects may include feelings of peacefulness, acceptance, and empathy.
MDMA can cause unpleasant side effects, such as:
MDMA can cause confusion, depression, sleep problems, and severe anxiety that may last weeks after taking the drug. Over time, using MDMA can lead to thinking and memory problems.
In high doses, MDMA can cause a sharp rise in body temperature. This can lead to serious or even deadly problems such as liver, kidney, or heart failure. A person who doesn't drink enough fluids can become severely dehydrated. The effects of MDMA can be more harmful when it is used with alcohol.
MDMA usually does not last in a person's system longer than 12 to 16 hours. And many general drug screening tests do not detect it unless it is specifically targeted.
Signs that a person may be using MDMA include:
Current as of:
March 21, 2023
Author: Healthwise StaffClinical Review BoardAll Healthwise education is reviewed by a team that includes physicians, nurses, advanced practitioners, registered dieticians, and other healthcare professionals.
Current as of: March 21, 2023
Clinical Review Board
All Healthwise education is reviewed by a team that includes physicians, nurses, advanced practitioners, registered dieticians, and other healthcare professionals.
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2023 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
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