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Genetic Conditions

Genetic conditions are diseases that can be passed from parents to children. Some conditions may be inherited if only one parent has the changed gene, while others can be inherited only if both parents have the changed gene.

If one or both parents have a gene change (mutation) or have a genetic condition, the risk of passing the disorder on to a child is the same with each pregnancy. Having one healthy or one affected child doesn't change the odds that future children will or will not be affected.

If the baby's mother or father or anyone in either of their families has a genetic condition, genetic counseling may help the family decide what type of prenatal testing they want.

Genetic disorders that may be inherited include:

  • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Fragile X syndrome.
  • Sickle cell disease.
  • Tay-Sachs disease.
  • Thalassemia.
  • Hemophilia.
  • Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
  • Huntington disease.
  • Polycystic kidney disease.

A small number of conditions occur because of a one-time mistake in a single gene (new mutation), such as a change in a gene of one of the parents' egg or sperm cells or because of a change in a gene of the fetus. These one-time genetic changes are unlikely to happen again in future pregnancies.


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This search will provide you with WellSpan Medical Group and Northern Lancaster County (Ephrata) Medical Group primary care physicians and specialists. If we don’t have a WellSpan Medical Group physician to meet your criteria, the search will expand to include community physicians who partner with WellSpan Medical Group physicians through the WellSpan Provider Network or provide care to patients on the Medical Staffs of WellSpan’s Hospitals.

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