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azacitidine (oral/injection)

Pronunciation: ay za SYE ti deen

Brand: Onureg, Vidaza


slide 1 of 1, Onureg,

200 mg, oval, pink, imprinted with 200, ONU

 Image of Onureg
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What is the most important information I should know about azacitidine?

Both men and women using this medicine should use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy. Azacitidine can harm an unborn baby if the mother or father is using this medicine.

You should not be treated with azacitidine injection if you are allergic to mannitol, or if you have advanced liver cancer.

What is azacitidine?

Azacitidine oral is used to treat acute myeloid leukemia in people who are in remission but cannot finish other treatments for this condition.

Azacitidine injection is used to treat certain types of bone marrow cancers and blood cell disorders.

Azacitidine may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before using azacitidine?

You should not use azacitidine if you are allergic to it.

You should not be treated with azacitidine injection if you are allergic to mannitol, or if you have advanced liver cancer.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • kidney disease; or
  • liver disease.

Azacitidine can harm an unborn baby if the mother or the father is using this medicine.

  • If you are a woman, you may need to have a negative pregnancy test before starting this treatment. Do not use azacitidine if you are pregnant. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using this medicine. If you take Onureg, keep using birth control for at least 6 months after your last dose.
  • If you are a man, use effective birth control if your sex partner is able to get pregnant. If you take Onureg, keep using birth control for at least 3 months after your last dose.
  • Tell your doctor right away if a pregnancy occurs while either the mother or the father is using Onureg or using Vidaza.

Azacitidine may affect fertility (ability to have children) in both men and women. However, it is important to use birth control to prevent pregnancy because this medicine can harm an unborn baby.

You should not breastfeed while using azacitidine. Also do not breastfeed for at least 1 week after your last dose of Onureg.

How should I use azacitidine?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Azacitidine oral (Onureg) is taken by mouth in a 28-day treatment cycle. You may need to take the medicine only during the first 2 weeks of each cycle.

Take Onureg at the same time each day, with or without food. Swallow the tablet whole and do not crush, chew, or break it.

Do not use a broken tablet. The medicine from a broken pill can be dangerous if it gets in your mouth, eyes, or nose, or on your skin. If this happens, wash your skin with soap and water or rinse your eyes with water.

If you vomit shortly after taking Onureg, do not take another dose. Wait until your next scheduled dose time to take the medicine again.

Azacitidine injection (Vidaza) is injected under the skin, or given as an infusion into a vein. A healthcare provider will give you this injection, usually for 7 days in a row every 4 weeks for at least 4 treatment cycles.

If any Vidaza accidentally gets on your skin, wash it thoroughly with soap and warm water.

Your treatment schedule may be different. Your doctor will determine how long to treat you with this medicine. Onureg should not be used in place of Vidaza. The oral and injection forms of this medicine have different uses and dosages.

You may also be given medicine to reduce nausea and vomiting. Use this medicine only as prescribed.

Azacitidine can lower blood cells that help your body fight infections and help your blood to clot. Your blood will need to be tested often. Your kidney function may also need to be tested. Your cancer treatments may be delayed based on the results.

Store Onureg at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Keep the tablets in their original container, along with the packet or canister of moisture-absorbing preservative. Keep the container tightly closed when not in use.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

Call your doctor for instructions if you miss an appointment for your Vidaza injection.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while using azacitidine?

Avoid being near people who are sick or have infections. Tell your doctor at once if you develop signs of infection.

What are the possible side effects of azacitidine?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • severe ongoing nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea;
  • redness, swelling, warmth, oozing, or other signs of skin infection;
  • low blood cell counts --fever, chills, tiredness, mouth sores, skin sores, easy bruising, unusual bleeding, pale skin, cold hands and feet, feeling light-headed or short of breath;
  • signs of a lung infection --fever, cough with mucus, chest pain, feeling short of breath;
  • kidney problems --pain in your lower back, blood in your urine, little or no urination, swelling in your feet or ankles;
  • liver problems --upper stomach pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes);
  • low potassium level --leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, increased thirst or urination, numbness or tingling, muscle weakness or limp feeling; or
  • signs of tumor cell breakdown --tiredness, weakness, muscle cramps, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, fast or slow heart rate, tingling in your hands and feet or around your mouth.

Common side effects may include:

  • fever, chills, bruising, or other signs of low blood cell counts;
  • lung infection;
  • low potassium;
  • nausea, vomiting, stomach pain, loss of appetite;
  • constipation, diarrhea;
  • joint pain, pain in your arms or legs;
  • feeling weak or tired;
  • dizziness; or
  • redness where an injection was given.

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect azacitidine?

Other drugs may affect azacitidine, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.

Where can I get more information?

Your doctor or pharmacist can provide more information about azacitidine.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2023 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 12.01. Revision date: 10/19/2020.

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