What is the most important information I should know about aripiprazole?
Aripiprazole is not approved for use in older adults with dementia-related psychosis.
People with depression or mental illness may have thoughts about suicide. Some young people may have increased suicidal thoughts when first starting a medicine to treat depression. Tell your doctor right away if you have any sudden changes in mood or behavior, or thoughts about suicide.
If you also use antidepressant medicine, do not stop using it suddenly.
What is aripiprazole?
Aripiprazole is an antipsychotic medicine that is used to treat schizophrenia in adults and children at least 13 years old.
Aripiprazole is also used in children at least 6 years old to treat Tourette's disorder, or irritability related to autistic disorder.
Aripiprazole is used alone or with a mood stabilizer medicine to treat bipolar I disorder (manic depression) in adults and children at least 10 years old.
Aripiprazole is used with antidepressant medication to treat major depressive disorder in adults.
Aripiprazole may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking aripiprazole?
You should not take aripiprazole if you are allergic to it.
Aripiprazole may increase the risk of death in older adults with dementia-related psychosis and is not approved for this use.
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
- heart problems or a stroke;
- high or low blood pressure;
- diabetes (in you or a family member);
- seizures; or
- low white blood cell (WBC) counts.
People with depression or mental illness may have thoughts about suicide. Some young people may have increased suicidal thoughts when first starting a medicine to treat depression. Stay alert to changes in your mood or symptoms. Your family or caregivers should also watch for sudden changes in your behavior.
The liquid form (oral solution) of this medication contains sugar. Before taking aripiprazole oral solution, tell your doctor if you have diabetes.
Aripiprazole can cause high blood sugar (hyperglycemia). If you are diabetic, check your blood sugar levels carefully.
The orally disintegrating tablet form of aripiprazole contains phenylalanine and could be harmful if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).
Taking antipsychotic medicine in the last 3 months of pregnancy may cause serious problems in the newborn. Tell your doctor right away if you get pregnant. Do not stop the medicine without your doctor's advice.
If you are pregnant, your name may be listed on a pregnancy registry to track the effects of aripiprazole on the baby.
Ask a doctor if it is safe to breastfeed while using this medicine.
How should I take aripiprazole?
Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Your doctor may occasionally change your dose. Use the medicine exactly as directed.
Aripiprazole can be taken with or without food.
Swallow the regular tablet whole and do not crush, chew, or break it. Do not split the orally disintegrating tablet.
Measure liquid medicine with the supplied measuring device (not a kitchen spoon).
Allow the orally disintegrating tablet to dissolve in your mouth without chewing.
Your doctor will need to check your progress on a regular basis.
If you also use antidepressant medicine, do not stop using it suddenly or you could have unpleasant symptoms. Ask your doctor before stopping the antidepressant.
Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat. Aripiprazole liquid may be used for up to 6 months after opening, but not after the expiration date on the medicine label.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.
Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
Overdose symptoms may include drowsiness, vomiting, aggression, confusion, tremors, fast or slow heart rate, seizure (convulsions), weak or shallow breathing, fainting, or coma.
What should I avoid while taking aripiprazole?
Avoid getting up too fast from a sitting or lying position, or you may feel dizzy. Avoid driving or hazardous activity until you know how this medicine will affect you. Dizziness or drowsiness can cause falls, accidents, or severe injuries.
Avoid drinking alcohol. Dangerous side effects could occur.
While taking aripiprazole, you may be more sensitive to very hot conditions. Avoid becoming overheated or dehydrated. Drink plenty of fluids, especially in hot weather and during exercise.
What are the possible side effects of aripiprazole?
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Tell your doctor right away if you have new or sudden changes in mood or behavior, including new or worse depression or anxiety, panic attacks, trouble sleeping, or if you feel impulsive, irritable, agitated, hostile, aggressive, restless, more active or talkative, or have thoughts about suicide or hurting yourself.
Call your doctor at once if you have:
- severe agitation, distress, or restless feeling;
- twitching or uncontrollable movements of your eyes, lips, tongue, face, arms, or legs;
- mask-like appearance of the face, trouble swallowing, problems with speech;
- seizure (convulsions);
severe nervous system reaction --very stiff (rigid) muscles, high fever, sweating, confusion, fast or uneven heartbeats, tremors, feeling like you might pass out;
low blood cell counts --fever, chills, sore throat, weakness, easy bruising, unusual bleeding, purple or red spots under your skin; or
high blood sugar --increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor.
You may have increased sexual urges, unusual urges to gamble, or other intense urges while taking this medicine. Talk with your doctor if this occurs.
Common side effects may include:
- blurred vision;
- increased saliva or drooling;
- muscle stiffness;
- uncontrolled muscle movements, shaking, anxiety, feeling restless;
- weight gain;
- nausea, vomiting, constipation;
- increased or decreased appetite;
- headache, dizziness, drowsiness, feeling tired;
- sleep problems (insomnia); or
- cold symptoms such as stuffy nose, sneezing, sore throat;
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect aripiprazole?
Sometimes it is not safe to use certain medicines at the same time. Some drugs can affect your blood levels of other drugs you use, which may increase side effects or make the medicines less effective.
Many drugs can affect aripiprazole. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed here. Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use.
Where can I get more information?
Your pharmacist can provide more information about aripiprazole.
Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.
Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.
Copyright 1996-2023 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 14.01. Revision date: 8/13/2021.