WellSpan Home

Diabetes in Children: Care Plan for School or Day Care

Topic Overview

Federal laws protect children with diabetes from discrimination in schools and child care settings. Schools and child care centers must provide reasonable help for the special needs of children with diabetes while disrupting the usual routine as little as possible. Also, children should be allowed to take part in all school activities.footnote 1

If your child has diabetes, work with your child care center or school to build a care plan that meets your child's needs and gives specific instructions for how to handle the following:footnote 2

  • Blood sugar testing. Include how often and in what situations your child's blood sugar needs testing. For example, your child may need routine testing before lunch and special testing if he or she appears to have low blood sugar.
  • Insulin, if needed. Include information on how to give insulin, how much medicine to give, and how to store insulin.
  • Meals and snacks. Make a list of foods that your child can eat, how much, and when. Talk with the staff about what to do when there are parties at the facility.
  • Symptoms of and treatment for low blood sugar. Give the staff copies of symptoms of low blood sugar and treating low blood sugar for later reference. And tell them how your child acts when his or her blood sugar level is low.
  • Symptoms of and treatment for high blood sugar. Give the staff copies of symptoms of high blood sugar and treating high blood sugar for later reference. And tell them how your child acts when his or her blood sugar level is high.
  • Testing ketones . Include instructions for when and how to test your child for ketones and what to do if ketones are present.
  • Physical activity and sports. Include information about when your child's blood sugar should be checked before activity and the desired target range. Provide information about what and how much quick-sugar food to have on hand for your child.
  • Contact persons. Include how to contact both parents or another adult who cares for the child as well as the name and phone number of the child's doctor.

You may hear a care plan called a "504" plan. 504 refers to Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act of 1991, and the Americans with Disabilities Act. These are laws that protect people who have disabilities. It means that schools that have federal funding cannot discriminate against children who have disabilities, and that includes children who have diabetes.footnote 2 You can find a Diabetes Medical Management Plan on the American Diabetes Association's website.

You will need to give the staff all of the materials and equipment they need to care for your child, including supplies to do a home blood sugar test, insulin, syringes, glucagon (if it's in the care plan), and materials for testing ketones. And you need to teach the staff how to use these materials. Remind the staff that your child needs access to the materials and equipment at all times, even on a field trip. Now and then, check the expiration dates of supplies your child has at school.

The child care center or school should provide safe storage for your child's medicines. Also, they should provide a private place for your child to receive care, if desired.

The child care center or school should provide an adult staff member and a backup person who are:footnote 2

  • Able to test your child's blood sugar level, record the results, and take the correct action for high or low blood sugar levels.
  • Trained to give insulin and glucagon, if needed.
  • Able to test your child's urine or blood for ketones and know what to do if the results are not normal.
  • Aware of your child's meal and snack schedule and can remind your child when it is time to eat again.

Also, your child should have permission to:

  • Eat a snack anywhere, including the classroom and school bus. Make sure this is in the diabetes care plan.
  • Use the restroom and drink liquids as needed.
  • See school health personnel whenever he or she asks.
  • Miss school (without consequences) for medical appointments.

If your child can do a blood sugar test, let the staff know that your child may need help when his or her blood sugar level is low and may need to be reminded to eat or drink something during these times.

A child should never be left alone when his or her blood sugar level is low.

Contact the American Diabetes Association for a sample diabetes care plan and other information for teachers and child care providers.

For older children who take their own insulin to school, check the school rules for kids carrying their own medicine, needles, and blood sugar meters. Many schools do not allow kids to carry any kind of medicine without special permission.

References

Citations

  1. Siminerio LM, et al. (2014). Care of young children with diabetes in the child care setting: A position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care, 37(10): 2834–2842. DOI: 10.2337/dc14-1676. Accessed October 9. 2014.
  2. Jackson CC, et al. (2015). Diabetes care in the school setting: A position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care, 38(1): 1958–1963. DOI: 10.2337/dc15-1418. Accessed January 11, 2016.

Other Works Consulted

  • Siminerio LM, et al. (2014). Care of young children with diabetes in the child care setting: A position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care, 37(10): 2834–2842. DOI: 10.2337/dc14-1676. Accessed October 9. 2014.

Credits

Current as ofJuly 25, 2018

Author: Healthwise Staff
Medical Review: John Pope, MD, MPH - Pediatrics
Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine
Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine
Stephen H. LaFranchi, MD - Pediatric Endocrinology


Are you sure you would like to cancel?

All information will be lost.

Yes No ×

About the provider search

This search will provide you with WellSpan Medical Group and Northern Lancaster County (Ephrata) Medical Group primary care physicians and specialists. If we don’t have a WellSpan Medical Group physician to meet your criteria, the search will expand to include community physicians who partner with WellSpan Medical Group physicians through the WellSpan Provider Network or provide care to patients on the Medical Staffs of WellSpan’s Hospitals.

×

Schedule Your Next Appointment Online with MyWellSpan

Use your MyWellSpan patient portal any time to view available appointments, and pick the date and time that best suits your schedule.

Go to MyWellSpan

New to this practice?

If you don't have a WellSpan primary care provider and would like to schedule a new patient appointment with a provider who is accepting patients, just log into your MyWellSpan account, and go to the Appointment Center section. As you progress through the scheduling process, you will be able to see the offices that are accepting new patients in relation to your zip code. If you are not enrolled in MyWellSpan, go to https://my.wellspan.org, call 1-866-638-1842 or speak with a member of the staff at a participating facility to sign up. New patient scheduling not available at all practices/programs.

Already a patient at this practice?

If you already have a relationship with a WellSpan practice, simply log into your account, and go to the Appointment Center section. As you progress through the scheduling process, you will be able to schedule an appointment with any provider or practice that already counts you as a patient. Online scheduling varies by practice/program.

×