ImPACTTM is a neuropsychological assessment tool used to evaluate an athlete's pre-concussive and post-concussive performance. The web-based program provides information regarding the severity of injury and a standard for evaluating return to play.
The program consists of a self-report symptom questionnaire, a concussion history form and 7 tests of neurocognitive functioning that measure attention span, working memory, sustained attention, reaction time, response variability, visual and verbal memory, selective attention and non-verbal problem solving.
The test features:
The baseline test is a pre-injury measurement of an athletes' cognitive function. Should an athlete sustain a concussion, post-injury tests can be compared to a baseline data and provide valuable information that aids in the return to play decision. The baseline test is a web-based test.
- If a concussion occurs, a post-concussion test is administered 48 to 72 hours after the injury, and interpreted by a trained medical professional.
- These results are then compared with the baseline data to assist in determining return to play.
- If an athlete has not taken the baseline test, ImPACTTM has norms that can be used to evaluate the recovery process of a concussed athlete. While these norms can be used to monitor recovery, they do not replace the value of the individual-specific test.
- Additional post-injury tests may be required until complete recovery has occurred.