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Nausea and Vomiting, Age 12 and Older
Nausea is a sick feeling in the pit of your stomach. When you are nauseated, you may feel weak and sweaty and have too much saliva in your mouth. You may even vomit. This forces your stomach contents up your esophagus and out of your mouth. Most of the time, nausea and vomiting are not serious. Home treatment will often help you feel better.
Nausea and vomiting can be a symptom of another illness. Nausea and vomiting may be caused by:
Nausea or vomiting also may be a symptom of a problem or a disease, such as:
Nausea and vomiting can quickly cause dehydration . Older adults have an increased chance of becoming dehydrated, because they may:
Check your symptoms to decide if and when you should see a doctor.
Home treatment may be all that is needed to treat occasional nausea.
If you are vomiting:
The acid in vomit can erode dental enamel and cause tooth decay ( cavities ). Rinse your mouth with water after you vomit. Brush your teeth if you can.
Symptoms to watch for during home treatment
Call your doctor if any of the following occur during home treatment:
Food poisoning is one of the most common causes of nausea and vomiting in adults. To prevent food poisoning:
For more information, see the topic Food Poisoning and Safe Food Handling.
Increase your chance of staying healthy by:
You can help prevent influenza by getting immunized with an influenza vaccine each year, as soon as it's available. The "flu shot" is given by injection. This form of the vaccine prevents most cases of the flu.
Even if a flu shot does not prevent the flu, the vaccine can make your flu symptoms milder and decrease the risk of problems from the flu.
Preparing For Your Appointment
To prepare for your appointment, see the topic Making the Most of Your Appointment.
You can help your doctor diagnose and treat your condition by being prepared to answer the following questions:
Last Revised: June 17, 2011
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